Are Complementary Policies Substitutes? Evidence from R&D Subsidies in the UK [Updated September 2023] [2nd round revise and resubmit, American Economic Journal: Economic Policy

Can Digitalization Improve Public Services? Evidence from Innovation in Energy Management (with Robyn Meeks and Zhenxuan Wang) [Updated June 2024] [under review]

Greening to Grow: Evidence from Environmental Regulation and Industrial Firm Productivity in China (with Yangsiyu Lu) [Updated April 2024] [under review]

Unintended Consequences of Tech-Neutrality: Evidence from Environmental and Innovation Policy Interactions (with Sugandha Srivastav) [Updated January 2023]

Disentangling Inattention to (Energy) Prices from Uncertainty in a Digital World [Updated September 2022]


“Innovation for Social Progress: When Imperfect Appropriability Meets Incorrect Prices” [draft coming soon]

Innovation for social progress — innovations that can address the world’s most pressing problems, like climate change, poverty, and health care — are characterized by a unique “double-externality” challenge. While knowledge spillovers impact the incentives firms have to invest in any innovation, production and consumption externalities (e.g., pollution) that lead to sub-optimal pricing further shape incentives for advancing technologies that are particularly welfare-enhancing (e.g., green energy as opposed to dirty energy). In this paper, I develop a framework that introduces a previously under-explored interdependence between imperfect appropriability and “incorrect” pricing due to other externalities, illustrating the importance of considering their interactions for steering the direction of innovation. I then empirically estimate the effects of knowledge spillovers, carbon pricing, and their interactions on green versus dirty patenting in energy-intensive industries.

“How DOEs Government Funding Fuel Scientists?” (with Eugenie Dugoua, Todd Gerarden, and Kyle Myers) [extended abstract can be found here]

“Strategy for Social Progress: Estimating the Effects of Management Practice Complementarities on the Direction of (Green) Innovation”


Steering the Climate System: An Extended Comment, with L. Mattauch, R. Millar, F. van der Ploeg, A. Rezai, A. Schultes, F. Venmans, N. Bauer, S. Dietz, O. Edenhofer, N. Farrell, C. Hepburn, G. Luderer, F. Spuler, N. Stern, and A. Teytelboym, 2018. INET Oxford Working Paper No. 2018-17.